Képaláírás: This is the fifth piece of a 14-part series, utilizing the 14 statues featured on the two quarter-round colonnades of Hősök tere/Heroes' Square. Since all of the protagonists are major and significant figures in the history of Hungary, some Budapest streets are named after them here and there. The primary aim of this series is not to introduce the statues or characters (all are commonplaces frequently featured in touristic photoguides), but roads, squares and public spaces bearing their names.
Béla király útja is located on a highly illustrious area of the city, at Buda, on Szabadság Hill. Its inhabitants are representatives of the political ruling class of the country, and the street is most famous for a residence to accomodate the highest officers of the state, either the Prime Minister or the President of Hungary (actually none of them occupied it in the last years). During the former regime the street was a completely closed estate for the public, saved by armed guards. Since I have never been to there I don’t know wether it is closed today or not. - Sincerely, I am not sure that this street of Budapest is actually named after him (three previous kings of Hungary had been crowned under his name), but he seems to be the most important of them - or at least he is the only Béla who got a statue in this very special statuary.
Béla IV of Hungary lived a very eventful life, full of family affairs, with his father (Andrew II under #4) as well as with his sons. It was under his reign (1235-1270) when the first Mongol invasion of Hungary (1241-1242) took place - he had definitely lost the battle of Mohi, has been chased as far as Trogir but the Mongols unexpectedly withdrew shortly after their triumph, nonetheless they left a completely devastated country behind. Béla IV is considered as the second founder, a rebuilder of Hungary, from then on his internal policy was focused on strenghtening the country against further invasions (which inevitably came in the 1280s again). Despite all of the vulnerabilities during his reign, and due to the more and more chaotic situation following him, he is considered to be the last monarch who could bring peace to his realm. - It is strange that one of his daughters, Saint Margaret of Hungary (1272-1271), living a holy life without any historical significance, won a much more larger fame as for public space names: Margitsziget (a small island in the Danube between Pest and Buda where she was spending most of her life) and Margithíd (a bridge linking Pest, Buda and this island) are keeping up her name.
Ismertető szöveg: IV. Béla Árpád-házi magyar király (1206. november 29.-1270. május 3.) Magyarország uralkodója volt 1235. szeptember 25. és 1270. május 3. között. II. András és Gertrúd gyermeke, Szent Erzsébet testvére. Az ő nevéhez fűződik az ország tatárjárás utáni újjáépítése, ezért "második honalapító"-nak is nevezik. Ő egyben fővárosunkban Budavár alapítója is.